- IUCN status: Critically Endangered; CITES: Appendix 1 (international commercial trading is prohibited)
- In Indonesia, the Sumatran tiger is protected by Act No. 5 of 1990 on Conservation of Natural Resources and Ecosystems.
- The Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae) numbering fewer than 400 individuals in the wild, is found exclusively on the Indonesian island of Sumatra.
- Is the smallest of all six subspecies, with length of about 2.5m and weight up to 140 kg.
- The Sumatran tiger has the darkest coat ranging from reddish-yellow to deep orange with black stripes.
- Tiger stripes act as camouflage in the tall weeds and grasses.
- Without natural predators in the wild, human is the foremost threat to tiger existence. Poaching nad habitat fragmentation in Sumatra threatens the endemic Sumatran tiger in its last frontier.
- Human-tiger conflict adds to the problem. As the habitat becomes more fragmented, tiger is forced to go near to human settlement and cause casualities in human and tiger sides alike.
- Tiger is an umbrella species. The species identified as umbrella species typically have large home range covering multiple habitat types therefore protecting this species indirectly protects the many other species that make up the ecological community of its habitats.
Photo credit to Dave Watts at birdlife.org.